There are a variety of reasons to start a basement garden. You may want to grow a container or dwarf veggie. There are also many herbs and cool-weather leaf vegetables that do well indoors. If you do not have a dedicated greenhouse, you can use a warm and cool fluorescent light to grow your plants. You can also set up a rain garden to collect rainwater for your plants. Regardless of your reason, the idea of starting a garden in your basement is a fun and easy way to get the benefits of gardening without having to build a greenhouse.
Plants to grow in a basement garden
If your basement does not have the light or proper temperature for a garden, you can always grow seedlings indoors. The seedlings should receive about eight hours of light a day. Once the plants start to grow, you can use a timer to add or subtract the amount of light during the day. Water the plants regularly. You can substitute grow lights with two cool or warm fluorescent lights. If your plants don’t produce any fruits or vegetables, they are likely not getting enough light. Be sure to monitor the temperature in the basement and adjust it as necessary.
Choose easy to grow vegetables such as lettuces, radishes, and herbs. If you are a beginner, you should avoid plants that need a lot of space. For example, bee balm and fennel won’t grow well indoors because they require pollination. If you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, or cucumbers, pick dwarf varieties. Standard varieties of vegetables can be too large for a basement garden, and you won’t have enough space to grow them fully. If you do plant seeds, you should plant them at the depth recommended on the seedling envelope.
You can irrigate your basement garden using rain barrels or existing water supplies. For vegetables, the soil is important, so make sure to choose a sterile mixture. Pots and flats are good choices for starting plants. Be sure to use pots with adequate drainage holes. You can also use soil from your existing garden if you want to save space. If you do not have a garden in your basement, you can still start with soil from your basement.
Planning a basement garden
You may be wondering how to start planning a basement garden. After all, the first step is to measure the area where you plan to grow your plants. You may also want to measure the length of the room where you plan to grow plants so that you can determine how many planters you need and how many pots to buy. After that, you can go to a store and purchase the shelves you need. Make sure to include the size of the pots you intend to buy so that they fit on the shelves.
When planning a basement garden, keep in mind that this will likely be the only accessible part of your home. However, if you plan to add a deck, you will have to remove a section of the house that houses the space. However, you can make a small addition to your basement that allows you to grow a garden without having to build a deck or patio. If you choose to install a wooden deck, you can use this area for growing plants. However, if you want to put in a garden, you should hire a professional.
Then, you should determine what kind of plants will grow well in the space. Several varieties of vegetables can be grown in the basement, but you should keep in mind that they require more light than other types of plants. Therefore, you should focus on growing vegetables and avoiding other plants that require more light and heat. For starter plants, you can buy flats, or pots with adequate drainage holes. You can also buy artificial grow lights. However, this is the most expensive part of planning a basement garden.
Setting up a greenhouse in your basement
You can set up a greenhouse in your basement garden if you have enough space and are willing to spend some money. But before you buy plants for your new greenhouse, you should acclimate the space and wait for it to become warm enough to grow the plants you want. Introducing plants to an unfamiliar environment can kill them in the process. Moreover, the climate in your basement garden may not be as pleasant as in the rest of your home, so it is important to acclimate the space before buying plants.
For the frame, you can use a simple Ikea cabinet. Once the frame is complete, you can add LED lights from the aquarium store and a mini humidifier. It is not hard to cut and assemble a frame made of wood. This material also looks good in your basement garden. It is also easy to work with, since it is easy to shape and assemble. You can also place the greenhouse near the window if you want to get better sunlight.
You should decide on the size and layout of your greenhouse first. Then, choose the glazing material. Glass, plastic, and metal are the most popular choices. Each material has different pros and cons. Make sure that the glazing is able to let sunlight through, as plants need sunlight to grow. Choose a location where the sunlight reaches the greenhouse regularly. A good way to supplement the lack of natural light is by using grow lights.
If you have a basement, you can turn it into an indoor greenhouse. It is possible to use four-shelf metal storage racks on wheels and place lights on each shelf. It is also important to group plants by their light tolerance. Depending on the amount of light you need, you can even make a greenhouse from upcycled materials, such as old windows or discarded wood and other materials.
Creating a rain garden in your basement
First, choose a location for your rain garden. Select a level spot with good drainage. You will want to avoid shady or high-water-table areas because you will need to dig a large berm to prevent overflow. You will also want to avoid a place that pools water for longer than 48 hours. The best location is also sunny. If you choose a shady location, you will have to cover the garden with landscaping fabric or sheet of plastic.
Next, dig a depression in the bottom of the bowl, approximately 12 inches deep. You can use a plastic drain pipe or a natural slope to direct runoff toward the garden. Whether you use a swale or bury plastic drain tile, you should make sure the drainage system is at least 10 feet away from your home. This way, if it floods the basement, it won’t cause any moisture issues.
It is important to use soil that is uncompacted and has a low percentage of clay. This is especially important during summer months when hard surfaces may warm the runoff. Using special soil mixes will compensate for compacted soil. When installing your rain garden, be sure to install an underdrain at the bottom of the garden. If you don’t have a rain garden in your basement, consider creating one.
Select the right plants for your rain garden. Choose plants that can tolerate both wet and dry conditions. In addition to flowers, you should also choose plants that have moderate moisture requirements. Some examples are coneflowers, daylilies, lavender, sedum, and phlox paniculata. For plants that like to grow in moist soil, you can use larger landscaping stones to define the edges.
Creating a vertical farm in your basement
If you’re not into gardening, but would like to grow fresh produce all year long, you should consider creating a vertical farm in your basement. These systems are not only convenient, but can also be lucrative. In addition to providing fresh produce, these systems can also serve as a profitable side business. Vertical farming is a method of growing plants indoors using a system of shelves and racks. Plants are grown vertically in water, which contains all the necessary nutrients.
If you’d like to grow vegetables, microgreens are perfect for this type of system. Microgreens grow in ten to fourteen days and can be harvested twice a month. Microgreens can be grown well under power-saving LED grow lights. A vertical farm can easily accommodate eight trays in a rack. You can harvest these greens throughout the month, giving you fresh, healthy produce at any time of the year.
Many companies are interested in small-scale vertical farms. For example, Nuvege, a hydroponic facility in Kyoto, Japan, produces lettuces in an environment safe from the nuclear power plant. And PlantLab in Den Bosch, Holland, is a three-story underground vertical farm that uses LED technology and an automated system to control CO2, humidity, and air velocity. This is a great example of how a vertical farm can save you money on electricity while increasing the yield of fresh produce.
Despite the many benefits of creating a vertical farm in your basement, there are some things you need to consider. For starters, you need to consider the water requirements. There is a great deal of carbon dioxide and other gases released during the growing process. Adding a vertical farm in your basement is not only an excellent idea, but it can also help the environment by reducing carbon emissions. The space inside your house is also cooler, which will reduce energy usage for cooling.